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  • Earthling 8:17 pm on November 24, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: austria abolish anonymity online, automated extremism analysis, automated extremism detection, automated extremism searching, carolina altstadter, china exporting big brother tech, china exporting surveillance know-how, china exporting surveillance tech, difficult teens, FOB, heinz-christian strache, Roskomnadzor, roskomnadzor fines, roskomnadzor fines instead of blocking, surveillance of troubled youths, trouble teens, troubled teenagers   

    November Internet Freedom Update 

    Difficult teenagers in Ural to be entered into a single database for surveillance

    Authorities claim the creation of such a system will reduce the response time to incidents and help to identify at an early stage children who may be affected by terrorist or other radical movements.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/42944/)

     

    FOB automated extremism-searching system to be launched in Perm

    The main Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in the Perm Region is seeking to buy hardware and software to automatically search for and analyze extremist materials.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/42982/)

     

    The head of Roskomnadzor is in favor of fines instead of blocks for banned content

    The head of Russia’s censoring body, Alexander Zharov, has advocated the introduction of fines for online services repeatedly violating Russian censorship laws, instead of the current ineffective system of blocking.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/43006/)

     

    Moscow to spend 53 million rubles on the analysis of online activity

    This was spotted on the public procurement portal by RosKomSvoboda. The Government of Moscow plans to purchase a new data analysis system, called STATS.

    Notable aims of the system include:
    • ensuring the possibility of identifying a unique internet visitor in the absence of cookies in the browser of the Internet visitor;
    • segmentation and clustering of internet visitors with the ability to identify target groups;
    • search for implicit target groups by building links between internet visitors with similar behavior;
    • providing information about the behavior of internet users to personalize the content blocks of internet resources.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/43084/)

     

    The Internet in Ingushetia was turned off during protests at the request of security forces

    This follows from the response of Roskomnadzor to complaints from residents of the republic. The supervisory authority does not intend to fine mobile operators for violating the rights of citizens.

    The days when Ingushetia was left without mobile internet coincided with mass protests in the republic in the first half of October. Local residents opposed the unfair, in their view, agreement on the establishment of the border between Ingushetia and Chechnya.

    At the end of October of this year, more than 30 residents of the republic complained to Roskomnadzor about the blocking of mobile internet by telecom operators during rallies in the capital of the republic, Magas. At that time, according to Daurbekov, more than 400 such complaints had already accumulated.

    As local residents tell us, in Ingushetia, 3G and 4G are disconnected every time a rally or public action is scheduled. And this has been happening for at least 10 years.

    “This is about the protection of the constitutional order. Statements were recorded that can be qualified as calls for mass riots,” said a source in the security forces.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/43042/)

     

    Austrian government wants to abolish online anonymity

    Austrian authorities believe that forcing users to use real names in cyberspace will solve the problem of online verbal abuse.

    The Austrian government held a narrow meeting with Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, Vice-Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache and heads of several ministries on the protection of public figures and ordinary citizens from anonymous threats and abuse on the web.

    As a result, Kurz and Strache announced the need to ban the “niqab on the net” and to oblige the platform to register users only with real names. They stressed that this is not about monitoring or restriction of freedom, but about the possibility for authorities to identify of violators of order.

    In addition, the Secretary of State Carolina Altstadter is working on the introduction of more stringent penalties for harassment on the internet.

    The authorities understand that this intention is difficult to implement. “I ask for your understanding, we are at the very beginning,” Kurz said.

    This proposal from the authorities has already caused controversy in Austrian society, as many think that anonymity is not the main reason for cheeky behavior on the web.

    (Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/43000/)

     

    China is exporting its surveillance techniques and technology, notably to Africa, Venezuela, and Singapore

    https://freedomhouse.org/china-media/china-media-bulletin-us-china-tensions-upgraded-police-surveillance-africa-influence-no-130

    Venezuela: https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/venezuela-zte/

    Singapore: https://www.fastcompany.com/90269129/singapore-wants-to-add-face-recognition-surveillance-to-110000-lamp-posts

    Ongoing Genocide in China Uses the Latest Tech

    “Compulsory government apps have been installed on phones to monitor conversations, group gatherings, religious or anti-Chinese downloads. At ubiquitous checkpoints, anxious police officers scan phones for anomalies. A switched-off phone is suspect, as is a device restored to factory settings. An analogue phone – or no phone at all – is equally suspicious.”; “Mosques across the province are being reduced to rubble. The places of worship have given way to parks, factories, apartments and entertainment centers.”; “Normal now are families too terrified to speak of their loved ones and the horrific realization that vast numbers of Uighurs have indeed disappeared. Tens of thousands of now-empty homes have been sealed and alarmed to prevent reentry. A government official sent to help with the harvest in the south reported villages denuded of workers and orphanages being built to house children left behind.”

    “There is recognition technology, with databases covering the face, voice, fingerprints and DNA of every Chinese citizen. Then positional monitoring, including mobile devices, which even now can report on the location of 1.4 billion citizens (the trick will be to use AI to make that information recoverable in real time), backed up by other public systems, such as linking up more than 170 million cameras (said to rise to 400 million by 2020).

    Next is lifestyle monitoring. Databases concerning the individual, be they health or education records, details of purchases made or internet activity, will be monitored. This is where we find data from the social credit system, which is like a financial credit rating but far broader. Anyone deemed anti-social (or anti-Communist party) will find themselves blocked from buying air or train tickets, getting a mortgage or even graduating.

    Finally, there is the ‘grid system’ information, which divides cities into small parcels overseen by citizens who are paid to report unusual activity to the police. The East Germans had a Stasi: in the 21st century, China enlists far more people. In Chaoyang district in Beijing, for instance, there are around 120,000 paid informants in operation. The information they provide is sifted through using computer power and artificial intelligence.”

    https://eurasianet.org/perspectives-dispatch-from-xinjiang-friday-doesnt-happen-anymore

    https://www.spectator.co.uk/2018/11/social-credit-is-just-one-part-of-chinas-new-state-control/

    48 Ways to Get Sent to a Chinese Concentration Camp

    https://www.jumpthegreatfirewall.com/

     
  • Earthling 1:00 pm on August 2, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: committe on information policy, google docs data leak, google docs leak, leak, , Pavel Medvedev, personal data on internet, personal info on google docs, Roskomnadzor, salary, schedule, yandex leak data, yandex private data   

    Russian State Duma complains to Roskomnadzor about leaks from Google Docs 

    The Head of the Committee on Information Policy, Leonid Levin, believes that search engines are not to blame for the leaks, but rather employees of companies leaked the files, and he called for “the perpetrators to be punished.”

    Google Docs data once again got into the search results of the Russian search engine Yandex. In the advanced search, user documents now show up in the “schedule” and “salary” search results. The press service of Yandex said that the data in question “is not prohibited for indexing”: “on our side nothing has changed. The documents in question are linked to the internet.”

    This is not the first time documents have been leaked from Google Docs and found on Yandex. On the evening of July 4, web users noticed that in the search results of Yandex you can find confidential data from users’ documents on Google Docs, such as passwords, contact databases, and other personal information.

    After this case, the SEO specialist Pavel Medvedev found personal data of Russians in the search results — scans of passports, bank payments, tickets for planes and trains, etc. Yandex has repeatedly officially reported that unsecured documents and files are available in the search results, the owners of which are allowed to access them by hyperlink.

    The deputies of the Russian parliament have already responded to incidences of the leakage of data indexed under “schedule” and “salary.” At a press conference, the Head of the State Duma Committee on Information, Information Technology and Communications Leonid Levin said that Roskomnadzor should conduct a thorough investigation into the user data from Google Doc files in the search results of Yandex:

    “Here there is the fact that the legal persons who process the data of third parties failed to comply with the responsibility of protecting this data. And this is a direct issue for Roskomnadzor, which should, of course, conduct a thorough investigation and punish the perpetrators.”

    According to Levin, Yandex is a search engine, a robot that finds everything that is unencrypted and publicly available.

    “This is a direct disregard for the protection of personal data that the company takes upon itself when receiving data from citizens,” the parliamentarian said.

    Meanwhile, the Administrative Code provides for fines for those companies that did not ensure the safety of personal data of citizens who used their services.

    Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/40690/

     
  • Earthling 4:15 am on July 27, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: carpet bombing, damage from Russian Telegram ban, Danil Bukharin, design photo posters, , IP genocide, Live Photography, Moscow court, Posters & Legends, posterslegends.com, Roskomnadzor, , Tagansky court, , , Yulia Smolina, Живая фотография   

    Roskomnadzor to answer for its “IP genocide” in Tagansky court 

    The company “Живая фотография” (“Live Photography”), which was affected by the “carpet bombing” of IP addresses launched in April this year by the Internet Supervisory Authority Roskomnadzor in the hopes of blocking Telegram, has requested a court to recognize the actions of Roskomnadzor as illegal.

    The Tagansky Court of Moscow, which had previously decided to block the messenger Telegram, will on July 30, 2018 consider the merits of the claim of “Живая фотография” (“Live Photography”) to Roskomnadzor and the Prosecutor General’s office. As explained by the lawyer Danil Bukharin, the applicant demands that the court recognize as illegal the actions of Roskomnadzor to restrict access to the Telegram messenger, which led to the blocking of the company’s website posterslegends.com featuring design photo posters, and also to oblige the agency to restore access to the resource. Now it is available only through a VPN.

    The company estimates the damage from blocking their Posters & Legends online store at 500,000 rubles, but has thus far not demanded compensation from Roskomnadzor.

    The online design poster store Posters & Legends was blocked on April 19, three days after Roskomnadzor started blocking Telegram in Russia, a “carpet bombing” that affected millions of IP addresses. The company “Живая фотография”, which owns Posters & Legends, appealed to the Tagansky court of Moscow with an administrative claim in mid-July.

    The lawsuit will be considered by the judge Yulia Smolina, who made the original decision to block Telegram.

    In mid-April this year, Roskomnadzor received the approval of the Tagansky district court of Moscow to block the Telegram messenger, whose owners refused to provide encryption keys to the FSB. Since the messenger uses cloud services from Amazon and Google, Roskomnadzor has not come up with anything better than to massively block the IP addresses of these services. This has caused the malfunctioning and unavailability of many sites not related to Telegram.

    https://roskomsvoboda.org/40642/

     
  • Earthling 8:53 pm on June 24, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: ECHR, European Court of Human Rights, , Roskomnadzor, , , , , , Telegram in Russia   

    Telegram has filed a second complaint with the ECHR 

    telega-to-espch-1

    The messenger’s creators dispute its blocking by Russian authorities in response to Telegram’s failure to provide encryption keys.

    Representatives of the Telegram messenger filed a second complaint with the European Court of Human Rights concerning the messenger’s conflict with the Russian authorities. This time, the complaint concerns the decision of the Russian authorities to block the messenger, as was specified by Pavel Chikov, head of the Kazan-based human rights organization AGORA, in his Telegram channel.

    “As a result of restricting access to Telegram, the possibility of freely distributing and receiving information could be lost not only by the applicant, but also up to 15 million users, who may lose access to a secure internet communications service, as well as a huge archive of unique information that can not be obtained from other sources,” noted Pavel Chikov.

    He also said that in the near future a cassation appeal will be submitted to the presidium of the Moscow City Court, and if necessary, to the Supreme Court of Russia. “We will notify the Secretariat of the European Court of significant changes in the case, including the consideration of cassation complaints,” Chikov wrote.

    According to the lawyer, the messenger’s representative mention in their complaint that “besides the exchange of messages, Telegram provides the possibility of operating public Telegram channels, which are one of the few independent and free modes of information dissemination and exchange of views on socio-political issues.”

    Such a method, the lawyers note, allows the author or group of authors not only to share information with an unlimited number of persons with a minimum distance between the reader and content, but also to maintain anonymity.

    Lawyers also noted that in the course of blocking of Telegram, Roskomnadzor restricted access to hundreds of sites and services not connected with the messenger.

    Earlier, the ECHR registered another complaint by Telegram — a fine of 800,000 rubles for refusing to provide the FSB with the keys to decrypt user messages. At the same time, in the Strasbourg court, the representatives of the messenger were offered to separately appeal the decision to block.

    In early April, the Tagansky District Court granted Roskomnadzor’s lawsuit for the immediate blocking of Telegram. This happened after the messenger refused to provide the FSB with the keys to decrypt user messages. The messenger’s representatives abstained from attending court at the request of Telegram’s creator, Pavel Durov, in order “not to legitimize the frank farce by their presence.”

    Translated from RosKomSvoboda: https://roskomsvoboda.org/39720/

     
  • Earthling 5:08 pm on June 21, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: banned meat, banned meat in Russia, beef, , , , Kukmorsky, Kukmorsky district, Kukmorsky district prosecutor, Kukmorsky prosecutor, offal, pork, Roskomnadzor, , , , Russian sanctions,   

    Russia: Prosecutors seek to block online information about forbidden meat 

    In Tatarstan, the local prosecutor’s office is seeking to block websites selling prohibited products from a number of countries to Russia.

    In the Kukmorsky District of the Republic of Tatarstan, the prosecutor’s office, while monitoring the internet for banned information, found two websites that contained information about direct imports of beef, pork and offal from a number of countries that Russia had imposed sanctions on.

    However, from the information published on the website of the Kukmorsky Prosecutor’s Office, it is not entirely clear from which countries the Russian users are offered to purchase beef, pork and offal. Although at first the prosecutors talk about Ukraine, South America and the EU, when they refer to the RF Government decree, it is already about North America:

    “In accordance with Clause 1 of the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation ‘On measures to implement the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of August 6, 2014 No. 560 On the Application of Special Economic Measures to Ensure the Security of the Russian Federation’, by December 31, 2018, the importation to the Russian Federation of agricultural products, raw materials and food products originating from the United States of America, the countries of the European Union, Canada, Australia, the Kingdom of Norway, Ukraine, the Republic of Albania, Montenegro Iceland, the Republic of Iceland and the Principality of Liechtenstein.”

    Perhaps the work of the prosecutors from Tatarstan was affected by the blocks by Roskomnadzor, which led to the malfunctioning of Google services, including geographic focus?

    In order to suppress unlawful activities, the district prosecutor requested the court to recognize this information as prohibited for distribution throughout the Russian Federation and to block the resources. The prosecutor’s request is currently under consideration, as reported on the website of the Kukmorsky Prosecutor’s Office.

    Translated from RosKomSvoboda: https://roskomsvoboda.org/39741/

     
  • Earthling 6:46 am on June 13, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Big Data, Boston Consulting Group, encryption, global marketing, global policy, hackers, Kripta technology, Mikhail Kozinski, MKS, Ms. Kasperskaya, , net neutrality in russia, Nikita Mikhalkov, , Roskomnadzor, russian counterterrorism, russian hackers, Russian infocommunication code, , , , stenography, Steven Spielberg, , , , ,   

    The Yarovaya package, Big Data, and the death of network neutrality: The last frontier 

    packs-163497_960_720.jpg

    What awaits us after the entry into force of the “Yarovaya” law on July 1, 2018? Increased rates for internet services? Tighter authoritarian control over citizens? The end of network neutrality?

    In the very near future, this year in fact, in connection with the entry into force of new regulations on total network surveillance of Russian citizens, it is likely that such negative scenarios will play out. We will pay more for the internet and other modes of communication. Resources that are unsuitable for the state or individual corporations will be prohibited, or harder to access because they did not fall into the “fast track” determined by internet providers. For access to YouTube, WhatsApp and Skype you will pay a separate fee, and instead of them “import-substituting” services will be imposed.

    Network Neutrality

    What is on the verge of being lost is the principle of network neutrality, whereby access to all resources is allowed without restrictions, as long as the information published is not prohibited by law. In full compliance with this principle, operators must pass traffic at the same speed, regardless of whether it comes from a small site or a giant corporation.

    In 2015, the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) introduced the principle of full network neutrality, forbidding providers from blocking websites or applying discriminatory measures against any internet traffic. But at the end of 2017 the FCC changed its mind and began the process of abolishing these neutrality rules, while the supporters of this move call it the “RESTORING INTERNET FREEDOM ORDER”.

    The ability of politicians to distort things is simply amazing: to restrict the functioning of sites and services is “restoration of internet freedom”!

    The FCC press release said:

    “Restoring a favorable climate for network investment is key to closing the digital divide, spurring competition and innovation that benefits consumers.

    Generally speaking, it can be said that internet providers (especially cellular operators) are seeking to earn more money. In particular, having bitten off a decent chunk of the media companies’ revenues, they are also sharing with the politicians who lobbied the decision to abolish network neutrality. And this is all under the banner of freedom.

    The possibility of an early cancellation of network neutrality caused a storm of indignation in the US: Silicon Valley, digital human rights defenders, and the media sector have met this initiative furiously.

    The creator of the World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee, spoke out against changes in American internet policy: “Network neutrality — the principle that Internet service providers treat all traffic equally, underpins the internet as we know it today.”

    Already more than 2.4 million people have signed a petition in defense of the principles of network neutrality. A number of IT giants have declared their readiness to participate in the forthcoming trials against the FCC.

    Also, most senators are determined to abolish the FCC decision. All 49 Democrats support the resolution to abolish the FCC decision, along with a Republican senator from Maine. The supporters of network neutrality in Congress have had only 60 days to use the law on revision. The deadline is June 12. On May 9, the senators submitted a petition that would allow a vote to be taken to abolish the FCC decision.

    And what about Russia?

    At present the principle of network neutrality in Russia is observed by providers in practice, but at the legislative level it is not defined.

    At the end of 2017, the Media-Communications Union, represented by the largest telecommunications operators and media holdings of Russia, started developing the Infocommunication Code, a single document that is intended to replace the existing laws “On Communications”, “On Information, Information Technologies and Protection information”, and “On personal data”.

    The new legislation will take into account not only technologies and relations within the industry, but also “the opportunities and risks inherent in their development, including the exchange of information between devices, ensuring constitutional rights to privacy, protection of personal data, etc.”

    The Infocommunication Code project provides for a “soft interpretation” of the principle of network neutrality, where “reasonable restriction and control of traffic” is allowed. For example, an operator will be able to manage traffic during network congestion and provide priority access to its own content or partner content.

    “We create regulations not for the sake of regulation, but for the sake of creating a unified competitive environment. This is the first task. The second task is to protect national content.” said MKS President, Pavel Stepanov.

    This he said, when he lobbied for laws on online video sites and SMS registration in messengers (in fact, de-anonymization of all users of these services).

    In other words, we can assume that when the Infocommunication Code comes into force, figuratively speaking, the latest film from Nikita Mikhalkov will download faster than a blockbuster from Steven Spielberg.

    The first version of the Infocommunication Code was intended to appear by April 2018. The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is working on its creation on the order of the MKS, and signed a contract for $600 thousand.

    Yet this first version has still not appeared. Some information did get out, however. It was pointed out that the Code is intended to consolidate the principle of network neutrality as it operates today. At the same time, the developers of the concept indicate that it is necessary to work out the issues of traffic management in case of network accidents, as well as the possibility of slowing down certain types of traffic, in particular, P2P – the network principle on which user file-sharing and torrent trackers work.

    And what is the connection between the InfoCode and the Yarovaya package?

    The Yarovaya package comes into force on July 1. According to this pair of laws, ISPs are obliged to record and store all user traffic for up to 6 months: text messages, voice data, images, sounds, video and other messages of users of communication services. This could mean:

    • ISP expenses are rising
    • Communication becomes more expensive
    • A wave of indignation among internet users
    • Power rating is reduced

    This is one option.

    Another option is filtering traffic by content type, and limiting the speed of access to certain resources and types of communication.

    The main portion of Russian internet traffic is video content. And regardless of whether it is required to store it under the law or not, it just makes sense to take media resources and require an extra fee for access to them at normal speeds. This will not increase the overall cost for subscribers, since it will cover the costs for online cinemas and other sites with video content.

    Torrent trackers will also be slowed down under the filter, but this is in tune with the “anti-piracy law”. This will allow them to swing audiences towards legal online cinemas,. Music and game content will also be taken under control.

    No matter how you look at it, this is bad news for the users. How this deterioration will affect the general political situation is hard to predict (we are not in Europe or the US, where any little attempt to harm the freedom of the internet brings hundreds of thousands to the streets, or even millions).

    The Great Game, Big Data

    On September 1, 2015, the law on the storage of personal data of Russians in the territory of the Russian Federation came into force. Many foreign companies in response just moved their servers outside of Russia.

    Ms. Kasperskaya has long openly stated that “big user data” of Russians should be recognized as the property of the state. Also, her subgroup “Internet+society” has offered to regulate the collection of impersonal big data, which can be used to identify the user.

    Believe me – with this approach, we ourselves will soon be recognized as the property of the state. It’s been tacitly acknowledged, and for a long time…

    It is interesting – and what do such statements mean by the term “state”? Who exactly should these data belong to?

    With such data in your hands, you can make a fairly accurate “digital portrait” of a person.

    In 2012, Mikhail Kozinski proved that analyzing 68 likes on Facebook is enough to determine skin color (with 95% accuracy), sexual preferences (88% accuracy) and political views (85% accuracy).

    Kozinski’s model helps to know more about a person than his colleagues do after ten studied likes. After 70 likes, more than a friend. After 150 likes – more than parents. After 300 likes – more than a partner. An even greater number of studied actions helps to learn more about the person more than he himself.

    There is a story that after analyzing the data of 200 million American citizens on the model of Kozinski, a certain group that specializes in election campaign managed to influence the course of the last US elections, through targeted content. Another trump card for opponents of the current US President.

    Russia is not far behind in terms of big data analysis. This is normal practice all over the world.

    For example, the Kripta technology, which allows Yandex to evaluate a user’s gender, age category, income level and many other personal characteristics, was launched in 2011. Previously you could even check the results for yourself. The results were not always successful, but a lot of progress has been made since then.

    I just want to emphasize what power lies in Big Data. And why politicians are so eager to get this data… They already have domestic social networks and search engines up their sleeves, and now they want Google, Facebook and Twitter.

    And since they can’t get the data directly from these companies, they are using a completely legal basis, in the name of combating crime and terrorism, to obtain the data from ISPs.

    Rostelecom has already announced its interest in this market and is ready to invest 40 billion rubles in the construction of data centers. Furthermore, Rostelecom plans to acquire the Data Storage Center (SafeData trademark) from Gazprombank. Rostelecom and SafeData intend to create a network for storing and analyzing big data on a truly Federal scale.

    Encrypted traffic

    ͓͓̠̮ͤ͛ͧ̾̋́ ́̾ͧ͠ ̟̤͍̓́ ͙̿͐ͭ̓͐̐̒ ̙̤̺̞̹̏̿̅̄̊ͅͅ ̻̤̪͢ ̼̥̟̟̬͗̒́͋̕ ̞̗̲̪̼̱̙̐̐̓̕ ͚̫̣̖ͣ̌́́̔̓ ͒̄ͨ̌̆̀́͏͎̯ ̞̟̥̺̟̾̅̉̿͋̓ͩ̕ ̱̪͎̻ͣ̇̅̐̿̒ ̉͠ͅ ̸͚̘̜͎̫͗̍̓̈̋̈̇ ̭̼͙̬̭̎̑͛̕ ͮͨ͆́ ̛̣̭̞̙̪̟̯͆̅͊̐̒ ͚͕͙̭͎̃̔̌̽͑ͦ͜ ͔͍̺̓ͪ̓ͯ̄ͅ ̲͎̣̙͎̗͛̃̃͋̋͞ ̼̓ͪ̑ͤ̾̏ ͨ̃͐̅̂̾͞ ̹̰̘̳̣̝͆ͮ̍ ̥̜̰̭̌̑̋͌ͬ͋͟ ̯̜̹̲̝̬͈̌ͫ ̠̘̬̯̳̙͉͊͂̈́̅͒́ ̥̫͈̹ͪ ̤̥͉͉̙͢ ̥̅̽͆ͭ͠ ͚̭̹̻̖̺ͪ ͋̈͊̚͏̻̫̳͙ ̅̉ͣ̊ͫ͏̥̻̟̰̥ ̵̘̫̱̂ͤ͋̌ ̉̒͊̊̿ ̜̘̺͔̞̦̋ͯ͐ͭ ̺̱̤̰̓̈́̂̿̃͒͌ ̸̳̒̾ͪ ̹̰͌ͯ͂̚ ̩͉ͥ̽ͭͪͮ̾͊ ͗̽̎ͬ̚͡ ̙̙ ̠̿ͭͭ̂ ͍̮̩͇̹̌ͨͥ ̹̪̭̬͈̾͑̅̉̇ͫ͐ ͉̟̮̫̝̾͒ͤ̉̎̚ ̨̏͒ ͓͓̠̮ͤ͛ͧ̾̋́ ́̾ͧ͠ ̟̤͍̓́ ͙̿͐ͭ̓͐̐̒ ̙̤̺̞̹̏̿̅̄̊ͅͅ ̻̤̪͢ ̼̥̟̟̬͗̒́͋̕ ̞̗̲̪̼̱̙̐̐̓̕ ͚̫̣̖ͣ̌́́̔̓ ͒̄ͨ̌̆̀́͏͎̯ ̞̟̥̺̟̾̅̉̿͋̓ͩ̕ ̱̪͎̻ͣ̇̅̐̿̒ ̉͠ͅ ̸͚̘̜͎̫͗̍̓̈̋̈̇ ̭̼͙̬̭̎̑͛̕ ͮͨ͆́ ̛̣̭̞̙̪̟̯͆̅͊̐̒ ͚͕͙̭͎̃̔̌̽͑ͦ͜ ͔͍̺̓ͪ̓ͯ̄ͅ ̲͎̣̙͎̗͛̃̃͋̋͞ ̼̓ͪ̑ͤ̾̏ ͨ̃͐̅̂̾͞ ̹̰̘̳̣̝͆ͮ̍ ̥̜̰̭̌̑̋͌ͬ͋͟ ̯̜̹̲̝̬͈̌ͫ ̠̘̬̯̳̙͉͊͂̈́̅͒́ ̥̫͈̹ͪ ̤̥͉͉̙͢ ̥̅̽͆ͭ͠ ͚̭̹̻̖̺ͪ ͋̈͊̚͏̻̫̳͙ ̅̉ͣ̊ͫ͏̥̻̟̰̥ ̂

    So, the ground is prepared – according to the law, the data of Russian users is stored in Russia (in theory), online cinemas will be under control, soon ISPs will store the data of “owners” of traffic, and registration in messengers should be via SMS.

    Next we need to access the data of users from these messengers, so that also can be analyzed. But there’s a bit of an obstacle. End-to-end encryption, which is used in many modern messengers such as Telegram, does not allow you to just take and read someone’s correspondence, roughly speaking. You need to get the keys to decrypt the traffic, under the guise of a backdoor for security services.

    The Telegram messenger is used by millions – and it is a tasty morsel for analysts and special services. Having received from Pavel Durov his refusal to provide keys, it was decided to unchain Roskomnadzor, which began to shoot in all directions. It killed everyone but Telegram.

    Accessing a user’s device never represented a problem for intelligence services or hackers.

    It’s quite easy, just access their device or account. No need to decrypt the traffic. The difference is that the state wants to legally obtain the information to which it previously had illegal access, and gather all the data together. So that the hackers can then trade the stolen data on the black market…

    I cannot but mention that on July 28, 2017, the “Digital economy” project (RF Government Decree No. 1632-R) was approved, which is a project on the formation of a global system for processing all personal data of all Russian citizens and the development of artificial intelligence.

    The essence of the project of end-to-end identification is to assign each citizen a number (personal code, electronic ID). The ID will be a kind of key to access the full file with information about the person from the various information bases currently formed in all spheres of their life.

    What to do? The last frontier

    It’s a complex issue. There is an opportunity to confuse all the cards and bypass the bans through anonymous networks and VPNs, although legislation has already introduced a mechanism for their strict regulation. But how the law will be executed isn’t absolutely clear yet. Although it came into force on November 1, 2017, the law still does not work effectively, and this was acknowledged by Roskomnadzor. Despite this, the state Duma is considering new laws with sanctions against VPNs, proxies and search engines for failure to comply with the requirements of the authorities to filter traffic and disclose data.

    But if through some incredible genius the authorities are be able to eliminate access to anonymous technologies, freedom will end. This is the last frontier.

    There is also a bill to block information on the internet that discredits the honor, dignity or business reputation of a citizen or legal entity. Who is the first person to be protected? And soon they will block without trial.

    But as you know – the more pressure, the stronger the resistance.

    Anonymous networks and VPNs are thriving. It is important that VPNs not only open access to blocked resources, but also hide all traffic from the ISP. The state accuses anonymizing technologies and cryptocurrencies of all mortal sins.

    Only anonymous technologies and anonymous cryptocurrencies, combined with cash, will save this world from the Great Trouble.

    But those who seize virtually unlimited power through the senseless introduction of technologies in state administration will be severely punished for this. Any system is subject to hacking.

    I’m still interested in the question: why don’t we include cameras and microphones in our homes as counter-terrorism efforts, so we can analyze and store all this data for several years? Isn’t reading and storing our correspondences the same invasion of privacy? What will come next after the Yarovaya package, under a good pretext? All of us will be marked like animals with microchips, placed under video surveillance in our homes, and once a month we will be obliged to go to the investigator for an interrogation? Within the framework of “counteraction to something” you can push any idea.

    You can imagine such a news item: “The terrorists planned the attack, actively discussed it on Telegram / Viber / Email / Whatever, were tracked by FSB agents, and arrested on the same day.” Who are the idiots here, the terrorists or the readers? Or do the officials seriously want to convince someone that terrorism is built on open communication channels?

    And did you know that besides cryptography there is also steganography, which allows you to exchange encrypted messages under the guise of any inconspicuous image? If you modify this method a bit, you can exchange messages very quickly. Even I, without being a specialist, would be able to offer a dozen useful methods to conduct absolutely secret correspondences online. In this case, no one can get the key — it is only for the sending and receiving parties.

    This is a global policy, this is global marketing

    So, it turns out that the state wants to monitor our every step, to sell and use our data and most importantly, all at our expense. And this is only the beginning.

    Relevant Links

    https://vpnlove.me/en

    https://www.psiphon3.com/

    https://www.torproject.org/

    https://zenmate.com/

    https://www.hideman.net/

     
  • Earthling 7:50 pm on June 6, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Bitcoin in Russia, bitcoininfo, bitcoininfo.ru, Center for Digital Rights, , , Cryptocurrency, cryptocurrency illegal, Cryptocurrency in Russia, lawyers, Nikolai Tonkoshkurov, Roskomnadzor, Russia cryptocurrency law, Russia internet block, Russia internet censorship, Russia Supreme Court case, Russian Center for Digital Rights, shadow economy, St. Petersburg City Court   

    Russia: Court cancels decision to block Bitcoin portal 

    Thanks to the efforts of the lawyers of RosKomSvoboda and the Center for Digital Rights, the site bitcoininfo.ru successfully challenged a court’s decision to recognize the information placed on it as illegal in Russia.

    The St. Petersburg City Court overturned its decision to block Bitcoininfo.ru, a site that published news about cryptocurrencies. The press service of the court reported: “The St. Petersburg City Court overturned the decision of the district court to recognize the information posted on the Bitcoininfo.ru website as banned for distribution.”

    Two years ago Bitcoininfo was blocked by the court at the request of the local prosecutor’s office, and the administration of the site in the person of its owner Nikolai Tonkoshkurov was not involved in the process. Lawyers of the Center for Digital Rights stood up for the protection of Tonkoshkurov’s interestests, renewed the appeal period and went to the court of appeal, but in February 2017 the St. Petersburg City Court decided to leave Tonkoshkurov’s appeal without consideration of its merits, because “the question of his rights and duties was not authorized by the court.”

    In other words, the appellate court came to the conclusion that the sites owner does not have the right to appeal the court’s decision to block the site, and the lower court acted correctly by not involving him in the case. During the appeal, even Roskomnadzor, which usually has no public position in such cases, spoke about such cases, as Roskomnadzoe plays the role of a digital bailiff (executes court decisions, enters sites in the register). Roskomnadzor supported the court’s decision to prohibit the dissemination of information about Bitcoin, and also advocated a general ban on the circulation of cryptocurrencies in Russia.

    Nevertheless, the lawyers of the Center for Digital Rights went further and brought the case to the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, which, for the first time since the existence of the Registry of Prohibited Information, accepted the complaint of the site’s owner over the decision to block. Two important problems were raised in the cassation appeal:

    1. Prosecutors blocking sites;

    2. Legality of information on cryptocurrencies.

    In April this year, the Supreme Court of Russia sent the case for appeal to the City Court of St. Petersburg, having satisfied the complaint of the site owner.

    “Initially, none of the courts of St. Petersburg recognized that blocking the site and classing its information as prohibited in any way affects the rights of the owner of bitcoininfo.ru,” commented the media rights expert of the Center for Digital Rights Ekaterina Abashina. “Thanks to the April decision of Supreme Court in this case, the approach to the St. Petersburg appeal has changed. The decision of the Vyborg court was canceled, and they sent the case for a new trial to the first instance in a different form. The prosecutor, taking into account the position of the Supreme Court, did not object to the cancellation of the decision.”

    However, for the time being, the courts are not in a hurry to directly make decisions about the laws themselves. “Like the Supreme Court, the St. Petersburg appeal court has refrained from considering the case on its merits: the court did not evaluate the prosecutor’s claim that Bitcoin is a ‘money surrogate’, or the legality of considering materials about cryptocurrencies as forbidden information,” says Ekaterina.

    RosKomSvoboda’s Leading Lawyer Sarkis Darbinyan notes that according to the statements of the prosecutor’s office of St. Petersburg, about 100 websites dedicated to cryptocurrencies have been blocked. According to him, consideration of the prosecutor’s applications in practice takes place without the involvement of site owners. They do not receive requests for the removal of banned information, and the city court refuses to accept appeals after the actual blocking of websites.

    According to the case file, the prosecutor’s office made a request to block the site in connection with its content containing information on cryptocurrencies that “do not lend themselves to state control,” and “promote the growth of the shadow economy,” and “do not have certain consumer properties.” Iin the card of the court Bitcoininfo is classed as “on the recognition of ‘extremist’ informational materials disseminated through the Internet” — prosecutors often resort to such a turn to give weight to their demand for blocking, although, as Sarkis Darbinian has repeatedly noted, there are no grounds for prosecutors to claim that cryptocurrencies are illegal.

    Translated from RosKomSvoboda: https://roskomsvoboda.org/39407/

     
  • Earthling 2:43 pm on May 24, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: NTP, Roskomnadzor, , , , , , , time synchronization network in Russia   

    Russia: Roskomnadzor is trying to desynchronize time 

    Roskomnadzor is trying to desynchronize time

    A new ricochet from Roskomnadzor’s IP “carpet bombing” has struck the NTP – the network protocol resources used to synchronize the internal clocks of computers.

    Based on the decision of the General Prosecutor’s Office of 27-31-2018 / ID 2971-81 for 16.04.2018, Roskomnadzor entered the IP address of the Russian version of NTP into its register of information forbidden for distribution.

    This “friendly fire” strike on a not just innocent but also an extremely necessary service was first discovered by the executive director of the Association of Internet Publishers, one of the experts of the Internet Protection Society (OZI), Vladimir Kharitonov, as reported in his Twitter:

    Sorry to bother you, but why is the RKN blocking the site http://ntp.org with the time network? Is there extremism?” – 10:00 AM – May 22, 2018

    We verified it. Indeed the IP address 89.175.20.7 is blocked:

    1badf5f9-4cab-4578-81fa-ae78b0920c68-768x659

    This IP-address belongs to the site ntp2.aas.ru:

    e23046f8-6929-4318-abed-80ceac3e36a7-768x415

    The IP addresses of the NTP services have fallen under this block in the context of Roskomnadzor’s struggle with Telegram. The first IP address blocks were recorded back in April of this year. Why Roskomnadzor and the Prosecutor General’s Office have gone to war against the exact time is not entirely clear.

    Reference: pool.ntp.org is a huge cluster of time servers, providing a reliable and easy-to-use NTP service for millions of customers. Currently, tens of millions of systems around the world use the pool. It is used by default in most Linux distributions and in many network devices.

    Translated from RosKomSvoboda: https://roskomsvoboda.org/39061/

     
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