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  • Earthling 1:17 pm on August 3, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Hajimet Safaraliyev, language education, Language education bill in Russia, language education in russia, native languages in Russia, Russian as native language, state duma, support for native languages in russia, Vyacheslav Nikonov   

    Russia now allows all to study Russian as their native language 


    The State Duma recently established new rules for studying native languages and regional ethnic languages in schools. Deputies made changes to the Federal law “On education in the Russian Federation”.

    The new law gives parents the freedom to choose the language of their child’s education before they enter the first and fifth grades of school.

    Even before the first reading, the bill caused a wide public outcry. Representatives of some national republics called the initiative of the State Duma “poorly conceived and harmful.” A working group was set up in the lower house of ParVyacheslav NikonovVyacheslav Nikonovliament to work out the wording of the law in a way that suits everyone. And the result came quickly — by the second reading, the text of the bill was quite transformed.

    The situation prior to this new amendment was problematic. In some national republics, the state languages of the republic and native languages were studied, but Russian-speaking citizens could not learn Russian as a native language. In this regard, the State Duma received many letters from the Russian-speaking communities of Tatarstan, Bashkiria and other regions.

    Six years ago, the deputy Safaraliev introduced an initiative to the State Duma to introduce the possibility of learning Russian as a native language.

    “I received 98% support from the people, except for two republics. For a long time the bill was under consideration, but for various reasons it was rejected,” says Safaraliyev. “As a result, a few months later we have amended it.”

    The draft law, considered in the first reading, proposed the following wording: “Teaching and learning of the state languages of the republics of the Russian Federation is carried out on a voluntary basis and cannot be carried out at the expense of teaching and learning the state language of the Russian Federation.”

    The representatives of the republics felt that this was an attack on the regional ethnic languages, by making them merely optional.

    Thus, the Duma working group made various proposals to correct the wording of the bill. A total of 26 amendments were proposed for the second reading of the draft law. A total of four were accepted.

    Vyacheslav Nikonov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education and Science, chimed in on the topic of linguistic diversity in Russia.

    “Nobody knows how many languages are spoken in the Russian Federation. We’ve heard the figure 277, the census was 174 – a lot. Record? Of course not! In India they speak 420 languages, in Indonesia 719, in Papua New Guinea — more than 800. But of course, no country uses such a large number of languages in the educational system: here, 58 languages are studied as subjects. There is no such thing anywhere else, because in our country ethnic, national, and linguistic diversity has always been considered as the greatest value,” the Deputy reminded.

    During the first reading of the bill, Nikonov also noted that the State Duma will offer to help the government develop native language education, such as the preparation of a budget to allocate funds for a new generation of textbooks for the native languages of Russian peoples.

    “We have prepared a letter to the President with a proposal to establish a fund for the preservation and development of native languages. Now, after the final adoption of the law, it will be signed and sent,” said Hajimet Safaraliyev. “There will be a fund — there will be financing, grants, programs, textbooks. I think we will be supported.”

    Translated from http://www.gumilev-center.ru/gosduma-razreshila-izuchat-russkijj-kak-rodnojj/

  • Earthling 9:25 pm on June 16, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: ethnic languages, Language education bill in Russia, , , mandatory study of languages in russia, , mother tongue, , , russian language, ,   

    Russia: State Duma resolves issue of state language education 

    Recently, the State Duma hosted an extended meeting for a task group on finalizing the amendments to the Federal Law “On Education in the Russian Federation”. The big problem revolving around the study of state languages, which manifested itself after complaints from parents in Tatarstan, seems to have been resolved. Deputies spoke about the coming changes, as reported by FederalPress.

    The members of the working group held the discussion behind closed doors. We do not exclude the possibility that the appearance of the deputies before journalists was preceded by verbal battles, because the problem of studying national languages ​​in schools so recently turned out to be socially explosive. This meeting was preceded by a scandal in Tatarstan, where the parents of schoolchildren complained that in educational institutions too many hours are dedicated to the study of the Tatar language. In their view, education of the Russian language suffered because of this. Then there were the first rumors, the essence of which was reduced to one — native languages ​​will no longer be mandatory in the curriculum. Representatives of ethnic communities were outraged by this prospect.

    Th Chairman of the State Duma Committee for Education and Science, Vyacheslav Nikonov, came out with a statement to reassure supporters of the compulsory study of national languages. “Native languages ​​and native literature will remain compulsory in the educational program,” Nikonov told reporters.

    According to him, all the participants of the working group are interested in preserving the national languages ​​of all the peoples of Russia. Nikonov announced the creation of a special fund which will improve teaching programs. In addition, as the working group members said, the current proposals need to be complemented with a number of by-laws.

    “The decision was made to write down, in the draft resolution, a proposal to create a plan for teaching native and state languages ​​of the Russian Federation. I am sure we will be able to do a lot to support the study of the native and state languages ​​of the Russian Federation through the creation of a fund that will develop textbooks and standards for studying the languages ​​of the peoples who inhabit our country,” Nikonov said.

    Deputy Andrei Isaev said that the task group faced a very difficult task: to ensure voluntary participation in the choice and study of language,s and at the same time ensure the compulsory study of native languages. The parliamentarian assured that a compromise was found. It would seem that all parties should be happy. But there is a nuance.

    “Teaching the state languages ​​of the republics, the native languages, ​​remains mandatory in the curriculum. There can be no doubt of this. Under this bill, the Russian language will be included in the list native languages; currently it is only the state language of the country. Including it among the native languages ​​will allow you to choose Russian as your native language. The right for parents or legal representatives to choose a mother tongue,” Isaev explained.

    Skeptical comments from regional politicians and public figures appeared in the local presses, claiming that state ethnic identities could suffer as a consequence of such a reform and the number of students choosing state languages ​​would be sharply reduced. They were challenged by members of the task group, and such fears were called baseless.

    To confirm their good intentions, parliamentarians spoke about the inspections of the Rosobrnadzor (Federal Service for the Supervision of Education and Science) and the Prosecutor General’s Office into language issues in the national republics. According to them, a number of programs and textbooks have not been examined. However, they did not mention specific figures, names, or regions. In the margins of the meeting, the members of the task group clarified that the specifics are expected at the next regular meeting of the State Duma.

    The first reading of the bill will be held on June 19.

    Translated from gumilev-center.ru: http://www.gumilev-center.ru/gosduma-preodolela-yazykovojj-barer-deputaty-opredelilas-s-tem-kak-v-shkolakh-budut-izuchat-nacionalnye-yazyki/

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