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  • Earthling 4:28 am on October 25, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: 112.rdpress.ru, alexander beglov, anti-piracy laws in russia, censorship of pornography, Chinese genocide, copyright law in russia, Council of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, dangerous information, denouncing extremism in russia, extermination of the uighur people, facebook twitter censorship, free phone from russian government, funding non-profits, google censorship in china, great firewall, great firewall of china, kazakh genocide, russian government support for npos, sco surveillance cooperation, surveillance cooperation, uighur genocide, uyghur genocide, war on piracy in russia   

    October Internet Freedom Update 

    Russian ministries ramp up “War on Piracy”

    The Ministry of Culture is developing a package of amendments that will force search engines to remove links to pirated content, without trial, as well as significantly expanding the powers of the censoring body Roskomnadzor. The new legislation will oblige all search engines operating in Russia to remove links to pirate sites out of court at the request of copyright holders. It is possible that search engines may have to show sites with legal content in priority, and they may be fined for refusing to remove links to sites with pirated content.

    The authorities believe that the simplification of website blocking is necessary, since the mechanism of judicial blocking, which has been in force for more than five years, does not adequately protect the interests of right holders.

    It is worth noting that the law prohibiting search engines from issuing links to prohibited sites has already been adopted and even entered into force at the end of September 2018. However, the copyright lobby apparently does not gain enough power from this. Otherwise it is difficult to explain the desire to create such a pile of laws, essentially duplicating each other.

    (Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/42433/)


    St. Petersburg to fund non-profits censoring dangerous information

    The Governor of St. Petersburg Alexander Beglov approved a bill giving financial support to non-profit organizations (NPOs) that are struggling with potentially dangerous information on the internet.

    In July this year, the St. Petersburg parliamentarian offered to support NPOs “”protecting children from dangerous information on the Internet.” The Deputy has prepared a bill providing subsidies for such organizations. According to Mr. Teterenko, organizations that oppose online dissemination of information harmful to health and development of children must be maintained.

    He said that today the world-wide web is full of dangers for teens: groups for the search term “biker”, the promotion of marginal subcultures, “death cults”, and gambling. In addition, young people due to their inexperience can be too frank in online communication, which is why they risk running into blackmailers, the Deputy notes.

    He cites data from the Kaspersky Security Network, according to which, even the inclusion of the “parental control” function often does not prevent teenagers from visiting undesirable resources related to alcohol, tobacco and drugs, using obscene vocabulary and even publishing pornographic content.

    At the same time, according to the Deputy, there are organizations in the city that are engaged in educational work, and directly confront communities and users that disseminate unwanted information.

    (Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/42416/)


    Dagestan authorities are handing out smartphones for online denunciations

    In Dagestan, local authorities decided to encourage denunciations of online “extremists” by announcing an action, according to which the residents of Dagestan who report the highest number of extremist posts on social networks will receive a smartphone. The first place will get an Apple iPhone SE 32 Gb; the second place, a Xiaomi Redmi 5 32 Gb; and the third place, a Xiaomi Redmi 4A. This was announced in a statement on the Dagestan government counter-extremism website “Hotline”, 112.rdpress.ru. It is on this website that the government receives reports of online extremism from residents.

    Informants can share links to posts that violate the legislation of the Russian Federation, which incite hatred on religious or national grounds, and experts will process the requests and transfer them to the law enforcement agencies.

    (Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/42271/)


    Coordinated surveillance in the East

    The Council of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) agreed on joint online monitoring of terrorist threats.

    The SCO agreed on Thursday in the capital of Kyrgyzstan on monitoring threats of a terrorist nature on the internet, said the Kyrgyzstan anti-terrorism leader Asylbek Kozhabekov. “Special attention is paid to the challenges and threats posed by persons traveling to regions with increased terrorist activity, as well as those returning to the territory of the SCO member states,” he said.

    The meeting was attended by delegations of the special services of India, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

    (Translated from https://roskomsvoboda.org/42475/)


    Facebook and Twitter continue to take sides

    Facebook’s Purge Of Political Pages Fuels Delusion Of Insurgent Threats To Democracy

    Twitter Announcement: RT and Sputnik Advertising


    Google surrenders to the Communists

    Google Is Handing the Future of the Internet to China


    The good side of China’s Great Firewall

    AI system recognizes porn through voice recognition

    China detains 1,834 suspects in online porn crackdown


    China weaponizes the internet for genocidal purposes

    “The authorities employ high-tech mass surveillance systems that make use of QR codes, biometrics, artificial intelligence, phone spyware, and big data.”



  • Earthling 12:37 am on June 10, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: 17th century history, Chinese genocide, Chinese history, Dzungar, Dzungaria, Galdan, Galdan Boshogtu, Galdan Tseren, , Genocide of Mongols, Kalmyks, Kangxi, Khalkhas, Khanate, Mongol history, Mongolian genocide, , Oirat history, Oirats, Peter the Great, Zunghar, Zunghar genocide, Zunghar Mongols   

    The Zunghar Khanate, last of the mighty khanates 


    Emperor Qianlong, annihilator of the Zunghars

    In the early 17th century, Mongolia was divided between many different tribes. In the West were the Oirats, and in the East the Khalkas. Starting in the 1630s the Oirats began to unify into a coherent nation, while the Khalkas remained at constant war with each other. The new Oirat nation that formed in 17th century was called the Zunghar Khanate. This was the last powerful Central Asian nomad state. It was a nation of Buddhist Mongols, following the traditions of Genghis Khan and Tibetan Buddhism.

    The Zunghars, united under Galdan Boshogtu, attacked the Khalkhas in 1688. After their defeat, the Khalkas fled to Inner Mongolia, which belonged to the Manchurian Qing Dynasty at this time. The Qing emperor was Kangxi, often said to be China’s second-longest ruling emperor (61 years!).

    The Qing had conquered China from the Ming dynasty in the mid-17th century, and were slowly taking over Mongolia. They were already quite sinicized by 1719, but still retained enough of their Manchu culture for the Mongols to willingly submit to them. Kangxi promised to feed the starving refugees, and provided the Khalkas with military support against the Zunghars in exchange for submission.

    From the Khalkas’ point of view, they were submitting to a dynasty of nomadic origin and not a Chinese dynasty. Kangxi was part Mongol. In fact, he had more Mongol blood than Chinese (but he was still mostly Manchu).

    In 1696, Kangxi drew Galdan towards Beijing with offers of peace, then personally led a campaign into Mongolia and won. Galdan fled to the West, and died mysteriously the next year. Then Kangxi withdrew and allowed Galdan’s nephew Tsewang Rabdan to take control of the Zunghar Khanate.

    After about two decades of peace, tensions over Tibet led once again to war. A pro-Qing Mongol khan, Lha-Bzang, took over Tibet and deposed the Dalai Lama in 1705. Twelve years later, the Zunghars took over Tibet, killed Lha-Bzang and sacked Lhasa. In 1720, Kangxi drove the Zunghars out of Tibet. He also used the opportunity to establish firmer control over Tibet. Two years later, Kangxi died.

    The Zunghar Khanate continued to exist for several decades before their eventual self-destruction. The empire fell into civil war upon the death of Galdan Tseren in 1745. The Qing used the opportunity to take over Dzungaria and systematically exterminate the Zunghars. According to a Chinese annalist, Wei Yuan, 40% of them died from smallpox, 30% were massacred, 10% were made servants or slaves, and 10% ran away to Russian or Kazakh territories (and were assimilated by other peoples). The genocide of the Zunghars was done not only by the Chinese and Manchus, but also with the assistance of Turkic Muslim peoples, notably the Uighurs, whom the Zunghars had previously attacked and oppressed.

    Russia, in the meantime, was ruled by Peter the Great from 1672 to 1725. The Zunghars constantly begged Russia for arms and military support against the Qing Empire, but the Russians were only interested in trade. Peter was too occupied with the Great Northern War (1700-1721) in Europe to seriously consider campaigning in the east. The Russians offered to militarily support the Zunghars only if they formally submitted to Peter and became part of the Russian Empire. Tsewang apparently considered this option. The Kalmyks, another Oirat people, had migrated to Russia and submitted to the Tsar in the early 17th century. They were much better off than the Zunghars. The Kalmyks still live in Russia today, whereas the Zunghars were exterminated.

    In the time of the Qing, the Uighurs and Manchu-led Chinese were eager to cooperate in eliminating the Zunghar people, yet today the Manchu people are gone and the Chinese are persecuting the Uighurs and threatening their very existence. It’s a dog eat dog world.

    [Information mostly taken from China Marches West by Peter C. Perdue]


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