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  • Earthling 11:29 pm on June 27, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Belarus, Evgeny Morozov, , , , Public domain of personal data, Public domain of personal information   

    Belarus: Evgeny Morozov and the “public domain” of personal information 

    In 2017, the Belorussian-American essayist Evgeny Morozov gave an interview for the podcast Soft Power, in which he gives an interesting summary of the rather iconoclastic views he defends on personal information. There, where digital activists emphasize the defense of privacy, Evgeny Morozov explains that the main issue is economic and the struggle with the digital giants (GAFAM and others) should be dealt with by considering personal information as a “public good” which will be taken from a “public domain.” He has already presented this idea in an article that appeared in the Guardian in December 2016, translated into French by Le Monde Diplomatique under the title “Pour un populisme numérique (de gauche)”.

    Here is what he said in his interview with Soft Power:

    “I defend this solution [of the public domain of personal information] because I don’t think one can regulate all the problems presented by Google, Facebook and others with the traditional tools of market regulation, that is, making them pay taxes and putting anti-trust laws in place […] The digital industry has the power to profoundly change all the other markets; it would be naïve to think that the information wouldn’t fundamentally rebuild the realms of health, transportation, education, etc. And also accelerate this process of automatization and data analysis, because it’s not all negative. There is nothing bad about cancers being detected faster thanks to data, but we shouldn’t do it by giving so much power to Silicon Valley companies that are held by a few billionaires.

    The main good that needs to be tackled is information. If you control information, you can develop artificial intelligence, which is not to say that private companies don’t have a role to play in that. One can certainly imagine how information could be in the public domainwhile companies make use of it by paying for a license. There are countries where land is dealt with like that. The land belongs to the State: you can’t own it, but you can rent it to cultivate it and make use of it.

    This system where information would be in the public domain would also have the advantage of truly democratizing innovation. Today, they would have us believe that innovation is within the reach of all, but this is untrue. You have four or five companies today that decide who can innovate and who can’t. For sure, you can develop a fun application in your garage, but you will never have the power to build automatic cars or invent a system that can detect cancer, because you don’t have access to the data.

    A system in which information belongs to the community allows one and all to take this information to do something with it. Even at the local level, at the neighborhood scale, in order to better focus public policies, I don’t see why all this information has to pass through a big company in the United States, who uses it to create artificial intelligence on a grand scale and make money.”

    There is much to say about these different propositions, but I would like to begin by highlighting the “epidermic” impression everyone must feel when they first hear the expression “public domain of personal information.” In intellectual property law, the public domain is the status when works reach the end of their period of exclusive ownership and thus become freely reusable (on condition of respecting moral rights), including commercial ends. Hence, talk of wanting to put personal information in a “public domain” is of such a nature as to evoke a certain unease, because it is unclear how personal information, which concerns the private lives and intimate affairs of individuals, could fall under such a generalized right of use. Yet Evgeny Morozov doesn’t really connect his propositions with this “metaphor” of the public domain of private property. Rather, what he describes resembles the system called “state-owned public domain,” which regulates goods owned by public persons. This system is applied notably to the usage of sidewalks and public places by businesses (temporary occupation of the public domain) while respecting certain conditions and paying a fee.

    Translated from a French article which can be found here.

  • Earthling 3:59 pm on May 30, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Belarus, Belarus digitization, , Medical digitization, Medical information centralization, Medical information digitization, Telemedicine, Telemedicine in Belarus   

    Belarus: Digitization of health facilities in Minsk will be completed in two years 

    The digitization of health facilities in Minsk will be completed in two years. This was reported by the Chairman of the Health Committee of the Minsk City Executive Committee, Sergei Malyshko.

    Over the course of two years, a single repository of medical information will be established.

    “The principle of information following the patient is being implemented. The idea is to maintain a single electronic health database that will share information between hospitals, polyclinics, and ambulance services, and to expand electronic services, to develop mobile applications that will enable us to conduct a survey of Minsk citizens and also inform them about upcoming developments. The introduction of new modes of operation will improve the quality, availability and speed of medical care,” said Sergei Malyshko.

    The official said that medicine in Belarus demonstrates a readiness for new technologies.

    “We have virtually abandoned some paper documents in favor of electronic ones. Through the corporate network, there is a working exchange of medical information between institutions. Telemedicine systems are in place for digital fluorography, mammography, ECG. We are working on creating a “personal patient account,” and remote monitoring of lines in reception rooms, registries, trauma centers, and offices,”said Sergey Malyshko.

    Translated from Digital Report: https://digital.report/v-belarusi-cherez-dva-goda-polnostyu-perevedut-stolichnuyu-meditsinu-v-tsifru/

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