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  • Earthling 11:14 am on January 30, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: bidirectional translation tools, free software, fun, funtime, open source software, software by mr. goertzel, translation funtime, translation software   

    Software Release: Translation Funtime — Alpha 1.0 

    Translation Funtime is a software designed to help translators have a fun time while translating. It can also be used to do bidirectional translations, which is a traditional language learning technique going back to the middle ages and beyond.

    FEATURES

    • Dictionaries for French, Russian, Arabic, Sanskrit, Japanese (more coming in future releases)
    • Fun tools not featured in other translation software
    • Recycle button to facilitate bidirectional translations

    This is an ALPHA release. There are some bugs.

    DOWNLOAD HERE — WINDOWS ONLY — LINUX AND ANDROID VERSIONS PLANNED

    Software is GNU 3.0 Licensed, Open Source, brought to you by Mr. Goertzel

     
  • Earthling 12:49 pm on January 27, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Great Green Dam of Algeria, Great Green Wall, Panafrican Agency on the Great Green Wall, Sahel strip, UNCTAD   

    The Great Green Wall of Africa 

    Translated from an article by Jacques Hallard

    Confronting desertification in the African Sahel Strip means fighting the decline and degradation of arable land, enabling local populations to sustain themselves, survive and live better in certain territories where creeping desertification and recurrent dryness impede agricultural production with food crops – guarantors of a fragile food security – and lastly, trying to better adapt to climate change, which is having an effect there too: these are the challenges that inspired a joint action initiative between 11 concerned states in 2005.

    Many regional, national and international organizations have contributed to this gargantuan project, which aims for nothing less than the establishment of a strip of developed lands across more than 7,000 kilometers, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean in the West to the southern outlet of the Red Sea in the East, and also from Dakar in Senegal to the Republic of Djibouti.

    In order to provide management for the Great Green Wall project, the Panafrican Agency on the Great Green Wall was created in 2010 under the leadership of the African Union and the CEN-SAD (Community of Sahel-Saharan States).

    The Great Green Wall of the Sahara and Sahel project receives support from the UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). It can also benefit from achievements and experience gained from the “Great Green Dam” program carried out in Algeria since the 1970s.

    This project to restore natural resources across vast territories has notably received the technical and scientific support of the IRD (French Institute of Research for Development) in 2010 and the CSFD (French Scientific Committee on Desertification) in 2012. It seems wise to consider taking action on groups of small, well-defined geographic sectors, developing versatile gardens that enable the diversification of local foods, and involving the populations of these areas in order to convince them to avoid overgrazing in the planted zones.

    The lessons learned from the Algerian experience can help us choose which species to recommend a priori. Among these species, it has been recommended in particular to use the filao (Casuarina equisetifolia, of Australian origin, most suited to seasides), the desert date palm (Balanitesa egyptiaca), and the white gum tree (Acacia senegal). The following species have also been suggested: the African baobab (Adansonia digitata), the jujube (Ziziphus spp.) or the shea-tree (Vitellaria paradoxa), for various uses.

    The big obstacle to achieving this project is that the geographical zone in question is currently subject to much political and social instability in many states. Armed conflicts, complex civil wars and continual humanitarian crises prevent concrete and appropriate measures from being implemented in the land. National and international policies have yet to be elaborated, detailed and shared with populations, who are most often disadvantaged, for a practical implementation, which has anyhow proven urgent and indispensable.

    Work on this project began in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania in 2014. But it was in 2008 that the Republic of Senegal took the lead and that’s probably why it was the results from this latter country that were reviewed and commented on. Great efforts need to made for popular education and sharing knowledge and techniques in the territories targeted by the African Great Green Wall project. The initial good results in Senegal must be expanded upon.

    Some Links:

    The Great Green Wall in the Sahel (Lengthy Academic Article)

    Africa is Building a “Wall of Trees” (Ventures Africa)

    Battle of the Desert (II): A ‘Great Green Wall for Africa’ (IPS News)

     
  • Earthling 4:24 pm on January 26, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Global Environmental Collapse Renders Continuation of Growth-Based Industrial Civilization Implausible, ,   

    State of the Modern World Address — January 2019 

    Global Environmental Collapse Renders Continuation of Growth-Based Industrial Economics Implausible

    https://www.peakprosperity.com/blog/114741/collapse-already-here

     
  • Earthling 10:08 am on January 26, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: counterrevolutionary pigdog fascists, , , , , legality of spy gadgets in russia, , prc, uyghur holocaust   

    January Internet Freedom Update 

    “You want to say something? Or you started to think deeply?”

    RUSSIA

    Bills providing punishment for insulting the authorities and false information are in reading

    Odious bills on punishment for insulting the authorities on the internet and spreading false news have been under discussion by the State Duma. These bills have been subject to debate in society and within the government.

    Vladimir Zhirinovsky said that “the groaning against the authorities” in the past led to the collapse of the USSR and the Russian Empire, so the introduction of responsibility for the relevant insults — is “protection of the country.” The head of the LDPR spoke approvingly about the “law on fake news”, because, in his opinion, it is necessary to suppress panic in society caused by fake news from the Internet and the media.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/44508/)

    Hundreds of millions of rubles to be spent searching for “anti-social phenomena and subcultures” on the web

    Russia’s Ministry of Education and Science plans to allocate 628-million rubles for searching online for information that is dangerous to the health of children. The subsidy will be provided to the non-profit organization ‘Center for the Study and Online Monitoring of the Youth Environment’, whose activity is aimed at monitoring the distribution of information on telecommunication networks. This non-profit organization was created on behalf of Russian President Vladimir Putin on May 31, 2018.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/44255/)

    Putin signs laws that partially decriminalize reposting illegal content

    The penalties for posting illegal content on the internet have been changed from criminal to administrative, if they do not pose a public threat and are committed for the first time

    The laws in question punish people for inciting racial, national, religious and other hostility through the internet or media. Under the new amendments, criminal liability will only be for repeat offenders.

    The fine for first-time offenders will range from 10,000 to 20,000 rubles, or consist of compulsory work for up to 100 hours, or administrative arrest for up to 15 days. For legal entities the fine will be from 250,000 to 500,000 rubles.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/44116/)

    Russian Supreme Court partially legalizes “spy gadgets”

    A new Supreme Court ruling decided that it is only necessary to punish people for the purchase of “spy” devices if they were used to “infringe upon the constitutional rights of citizens”.

    What is meant by “spy” technologies is technological means intended for secretly obtaining information. Smartphones, video recorders and voice recorders can be recognized as such, if they are specially modified. The Supreme Court recommends not to punish people who bought “spy” pens or other devices for personal safety (to monitor their house, apartment, the safety of their relatives, animals) or by accident, according to the new decision.

    According to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, illegal circulation of special technological means intended for secretly obtaining information is punishable by imprisonment of up to four years.

    According to the statistics of the Judicial Department of the Armed Forces, from January to June 2018, 86 people were convicted under this law, and only one acquitted. Cases against 50 people were dismissed during the investigation.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/44061/)

    Libraries to limit number of simultaneous users of ebooks

    The SKOLKOVO Foundation has developed amendments to the Civil Code, among which are rules that libraries will not be able to provide access to the same electronic copy of a publication to several users.

    In March, the State Duma is scheduled to make amendments to determine the nature of free use of educational and scientific works electronically stored in libraries. The text of the proposed amendments is:

    “allow libraries to provide remote access to electronic copies of books, provided that the user will not be able to copy the materials, as well as if the purpose is not to make a profit (currently the reader can access the electronic version of the book only in the library or archive);
    allow people to read scientific and educational materials in electronic form, of any year of publication (currently this opportunity applies only to works that have not been reprinted in Russia for more than ten years).

    Maxim Proksh, Chairman of the Intellectual Property Group, said that this would be a right, not an obligation of libraries, and also clarified that they would not be able to provide access to the same copy of an electronic work to several users at once: if a single copy is stored in the library, only one person can view it at a time, if 50 copies — then 50 users.

    “We are talking mostly about literature, because access to knowledge is the goal of the bill,” said Proksch. “However, sometimes fiction can also have an educational character, for example, for students of Humanities faculties or schoolchildren, but this applies mainly to the classics, which already has the status of the public domain. According to him, the bill applies to those books that are protected by copyright: “we have no goal to bring down the publishing market, we focus solely on making educational and scientific literature available to any resident of the country without the need to make an expensive trip to the library, where the desired copy is located.”

    The project is currently undergoing internal coordination, after which it will be submitted to the Commission of Deputy Prime Minister Maxim Akimov. According to the plan, the document can be adopted in May this year.

    (https://roskomsvoboda.org/44578/)

    (Above content is translated and paraphrased from RoskovSvoboda.org, which is available under CC4 License)

     

    CHINA

    China undertakes manual internet censorship by visiting people

    https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190106/09204741342/chinese-police-now-performing-door-to-door-twitter-censorship.shtml

    LinkedIn supports China’s censorship regime

    https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190109/18043041366/linkedin-is-helping-chinese-government-silence-critics.shtml

    Pyscho bourgeois pigdog dictators of China use information warfare to cover up Uyghur holocaust

    Save the 3 million Uyghur Muslims in Chinese concentration camps!

    China releases app showing locations of nearby people who are in debt

    https://www.businessinsider.com/china-app-shows-map-of-people-in-debt-for-social-credit-system-report-2019-1

     

    AFRICA

    Gabon, DRC, Zimbabwe shut down internet in response to conflicts

    http://www.itwebafrica.com/security/513-africa/245309-internet-shutdown-in-gabon-dr-congo-condemned

    https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2019/01/18/Zimbabwe-shuts-down-Internet-access-amid-growing-unrest/4461547825545/

     

    US

    Conservative legislators try to clean the internet, protect children with internet porn filtering act

    http://humantraffickingpreventionact.com/

     
  • Earthling 12:30 pm on January 7, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: albian aquifer, eighth man-made wonder of the world, gaddafi, GMR, great man-made river, great man-made river of libya, harm of libyan war, harm of western imperialism, moammar gaddafi   

    The Great Libyan Man-Made River and the Albian Aquifer in the Maghreb 

    Are very large-scale construction projects always useful and advisable, both in terms of meeting the essential and food needs of populations at the micro-local level, and in terms of contributing to true sustainable development at the regional level, without further aggravating the factors that are globally responsible for climate deregulation?

    The Great Man-Made River in Libya is based on the exploitation of a huge aquifer in the Maghreb called the Albian Aquifer. It was conceived especially for the irrigation of agricultural lands and for food self-sufficiency in Libya.

    A bit of history

    The early development of civilization in a large part of this region was based on irrigation systems that laid the foundations for the intensive production systems still in use today. Historical evidence indicates that in the Roman era, nearly all of North Africa received sufficient rainfall to allow regular rain-fed cultivation of grains and other crops. The climatic conditions and plant cover of the soil seem to have deteriorated since then…

    The FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) observed that “historically, agriculture played an essential role in the development of many economies in the Middle East and North Africa; first with grain production and breeding, then with the development of fruit, vegetable and cash crop production in totally or partially irrigated areas. In 1997, agriculture made up 13 percent of the regional GDP, 19% of exports, and 50% of jobs in the region. However, there are great variations between countries depending on the relative importance of non-agricultural revenue in their economy. Water access, in terms of both quantity and quality, remains a major problem for national and agricultural economies. Many economies were obliged, by the relatively low potential for production increase in the absence of irrigation, to turn to other solutions for economic growth, such as oil, mining, manufacturing, international commerce, etc.”

    This region was also an important area for agricultural innovation between the 4th and 11th centuries, when many new crops and technologies were introduced in the Far East.”

    The experts at FAO also recalled that “patterns of land occupation depend on the history of political changes; populations increase in big cities and concentrate in the most important villages of rural areas. The region is home to many nomadic herders who move, according to the season, between the mountainous and low-altitude regions, and between the humid areas and the dry steppe. The long history of human settlement, unequal access to land and increasing urbanization has led to serious degradation of soils and forest resources throughout most of the region…”

    The farming systems are highly varied and have been described and mapped. See production – Middle East and North Africa – Source of the excerpts above systems: http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/Y1860F/y1860f0c.htm#TopOfPage

    http://www.FAO.org/documents/header…

    The Albian Aquifer Today

    The Albian aquifer is essentially of fossil origin, but with a small modern natural supply.

    Libya’s economy has been shaken by the recent dramas in the country. The Great Man-Made River was a humongous project, realized over the course of several decades. The conflict in 2011 nearly compromised the expected optimal functioning of the river’s hydraulic developments, as well as the positive effects on the economy and the well-being of concerned populations.

    A retrospective technical review of Moammar Gaddafi’s water program that was made in 2005 enables us to (re)discover the wealth, boldness, inherent difficulties of such a big project in the region.

    The Algerian authorities articulated a plan to use various technologies (including geothermal energy) to stimulate subsistence agriculture as well as agricultural products for export; this plan also shed light on the potential for a future “recovered” Libya. But others have established a possibly risky connection between the exploitation of shale gas, and the resources of this aquifer, which has a depth between 500 and 800 meters, and an area greater than two times that of metropolitan France.

    On a political level, the role of the Libyan state was already outlined in 2016. In 2012, the Algerian politician Abdelmalek Sellal announced the feasibility of an agreement on the Albian aquifer, for a just division and optimal usage of water between Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.

    This very large-scale project has been greatly supported by effective hydraulic engineering technologies, substantial financial allocations and firm political determination. What remains to be implemented to help local populations live better in peaceful, secure territories, are a technical reevaluation of the Great Man-Made River of Libya, a review considering the river in terms of sustainable development, and proactive inter-regional cooperation.

    Translated from an article by Jacques Hallard

    ==

    Further information:

    The Official Great Man-Made River Website

    “The GMR (Great Man-made River) project – with a price tag of at least $25bn – kept rolling along. By the time the uprising against Gaddafi started in early 2011, more than 70 percent of the work on the GMR was completed.

    But with the chaos resulting from the ongoing civil war, the project and its web of infrastructure is under severe strain, threatening supplies of water to a majority of Libya’s 6.3 million people.”

    Divided into five phases, the GMR involved sinking 1,300 wells, some up to 600 metres deep, down below the desert sands. Giant concrete pipes big enough for a bus to be driven through were sunk into trenches: altogether a water pipeline network covering 4,000kms was established.

    Reservoirs were constructed. Numerous pumping stations were built. The first phase of the GMR, supplying water to Benghazi in the east of Libya and to Gaddafi’s stronghold of Sirte was completed in 1991.

    Other phases of the project, supplying water to Tripoli in the west and Tobruk in the far east of the country, gradually came on stream.”

    Gaddafi liked to claim that the GMR was ‘the eighth wonder of the world.’ It is in many ways a remarkable feat of engineering but the whole scheme could collapse if the mayhem in Libya continues – resulting in a chronic water crisis affecting millions of people.”

    Trouble Ahead for Gaddafi’s Great Man-Made River (Middle East Eye)

    “According to Elawej (Environment Advisor), it is impossible to give accurate report of the environmental effects [of the GMR], since no relevant data currently exists. This would entail a huge amount of research. Elawej regards the positive effects of the project as follows:

    1. The GMMR has helped expand the green areas in the north and west of the country, preventing further desertification.

    2. The green areas contribute to tempering the weather.

    3. Traditional water resources in the north have been spared as people can now rely on GMMR water instead.

    4. Agricultural production has increased.

    According to Elawej, the negative effects include:

    1. The desert environment of the areas where the fossil water is taken from may be changing.

    2. The pipeline network itself may affect the environment.

    3. Some of the water is stored in open pools, with evaporation leading to salinisation. Salinity of the GMMR water is high according to international standards, though it is not as bad as in the north′s traditional wells, which are affected by an influx of seawater.

    4. Since most – and perhaps all – of the fossil water is not renewable, a finite resource is being used.

    Over the course of the civil war, the GMMR has suffered severe damage. During the revolution in 2011, NATO airplanes bombed water ducts in Brega. They also targeted a pipe factory, possibly in order to cut off Gaddafi′s forces from their water supply. More recently, there have been acts of sabotage in the south. In March 2017, the GMMR administration issued a warning that repeated assaults on wells at JabalHasawna might completely stop the water flow to Tripoli and other north-western cities.”

    The Eighth Wonder of the World? (Qantara)

    Survey of Sustainable Development to Make Great Man-Made River Producing Energy and Food (Current World Environment Paper)

    Libya’s choices: Desalination or the Great Man-made River Project (Paper on Sciencedirect)

    The Libyan Great Man-Made River Project, Paper 1, Project Overview. (Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Water Maritime and Energy)

    The Libyan Great Man-Made River Project, Paper 2, The Water Resource. (Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Water Maritime and Energy)

    Freshwater from the Desert (D+C Article)

    The Great Man-Made River of Gaddafi: What Happened To It? (Anonymous HQ Article)

    A technical overview of the GMR project prior to NATO’s intervention

    The Great Man-Made River of Libya (Amusing Planet Article)

     
  • Earthling 7:07 am on January 6, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Big Brother, bourgeois dictators of China, disgusting hypocrisy, scriabin, surveillance and theater, theater, theatre   

    Surveillance, Sincerity and Scriabin 

    People act differently when they know or suspect they are being watched. Surveillance is an affront to liberty even if the data obtained is not looked at or used in any way, because people being watched do not know that the data will not be used against them. How can one behave naturally when one is being spied on and potentially judged by unknown individuals or algorithms?

    Things get really ugly when surveillance is directly used to manipulate and coerce people. In China, surveillance is turning the whole of society into a grotesque theatrical production with the help of the “social credit” system. The human conscience itself is being assaulted in a novel way: people are no longer allowed to base their behavior on their conscience; instead, they must consider what Big Brother and his algorithms want them to do. You might have your organs stolen or be sent to a slave labor camp for your choice of a human conscience over a contrived and automated system designed by and for psychopaths.

    Hence, everyone in such a society becomes a full-time actor. The amount of “private spaces” where technology won’t spy on you is ever decreasing.

    The Russian philosopher Alexander Scriabin once observed that the whole of human civilization was becoming increasingly “theatrical”. He tried to transform this “theatrical production” of a world into something aesthetically perfect like his own music. After all, if we’re all going to act all the time, it may as well be Shakespeare-worthy acting with Beethoven-worthy music, instead of this disgusting hypocrisy that the bourgeois dictators of China are producing (and even exporting to Africa). Let’s hope that if the Big Brothers in the West follow China’s example, they will display more artistic taste.

     
  • Earthling 11:53 am on January 1, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags:   

    Healthy Living 101 

    Get Exercise

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sedentary_lifestyle

    Smile

    Smile: It’s Good For You!

    Be Honest

    http://templetonreport.org/sincerity-can-improve-health/

    Be Compassionate

    https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/feeling-it/201211/the-best-kept-secret-happiness-health-compassion

    Meditate

    https://www.webmd.com/balance/features/meditation-heals-body-and-mind

    Walk Fast

    https://www.bustle.com/p/walking-health-benefits-increase-if-youre-a-fast-walker-a-new-study-shows-9268716

    Eat Fruits and Veggies

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3649719/

    Avoid Factory-Farmed Meat

    https://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/Organic_Natural_Fed_Free_Range_Meat_Vs_Factory_Farmed_Meat.html

    Avoid Processed Foods

    https://bodyecology.com/articles/hidden_dangers_of_processed_foods.php

    Fast Intermittently

    https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-health-benefits-of-intermittent-fasting

    Eat Little

    https://www.healthline.com/health-news/calorie-restrictive-diets-benefits

    Be Married

    https://www.focusonthefamily.com/about/focus-findings/marriage/health-benefits-of-marriage

    Have Sex Frequently

    https://www.verywellmind.com/why-to-have-sex-more-often-2300937

    Be Celibate

    http://iamabrahmachari.blogspot.com/2015/01/100-benefits-of-brahmacharya.html

    https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201303/how-casual-sex-can-affect-our-mental-health

    Don’t Work Too Hard

    https://www.monster.com/career-advice/article/health-problems-from-working-too-hard

    Use a Computer Stand

    http://www.eco-campus.net/benefits-of-a-computer-stand/

    Moderate Use of Technology

    (Don’t waste your time reading all these links)

    https://www.everydayhealth.com/emotional-health/internet-addiction/real-effects-technology-on-your-health/

    Go Enjoy Nature

    Health Benefits of Relaxing in Nature

     
  • Earthling 6:26 pm on December 30, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , health effects of long-term tocix chemical exposure, long-term danger of toxic chemical, long-term exposure to toxic chemicals, long-term fetus exposure to toxic chemicals   

    Long-term exposure to toxic chemicals 

    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

    Toxic chemicals are everywhere – the air, water, food and soil. Exposure to toxic chemicals occurs through breathing, touching and ingesting. The developing fetus is the most vulnerable to toxic chemicals, which can be ingested by the mother when she eats or drinks, or when she breathes contaminated air. She can also introduce toxic chemicals into her system if she applies lotions to her skin, or her skin comes into contact with toxic chemicals.

    Although the developing fetus is the most vulnerable to the exposure to toxic chemicals, any person
    can be highly vulnerable depending on age, health and the length of exposure. Long-term exposure can cause more devastating effects. Also, small children are more vulnerable to toxic chemicals than adults due to their small size and small organs, and the fact that they are growing at a rapid rate.

    Health problems associated with toxic chemical exposure

    The most serious health risks caused by the exposure to toxic chemicals are asthma, childhood cancers, impaired fertility, birth defects and learning disabilities.

    According to Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families, an organization that seeks to reduce the toxic chemicals that people are exposed to, many chronic diseases have increased substantially.

    They state that cancers such as “leukemia, brain cancer and childhood cancers have increased more than 20 percent since 1975.” Cases of asthma doubled between 1990 and 1998 A birth defect causing “undescended testes increased 200 percent between 1970 and 1993.” Autism has increased “tenfold” since the 1990s.

    How people are exposed to toxic chemicals

    Exposure to a toxic chemicals happens when a person has direct contact with a toxic chemical or when a substance they come in contact with is contaminated with the toxic chemical, such as food or drinking
    water, or as in the case of the fetus, the toxic chemical enters the mother’s bloodstream and then is transported to the bloodstream of the fetus. The toxic chemical may have been long-term chemical exposure to the mother, such as her eating contaminated fish for a long period of time.

    People can be exposed to toxic chemicals by breathing, ingesting or through direct skin contact with soil, dust or sediment. Drinking contaminated groundwater or surface water can cause chemical exposure. Showering or swimming in water can also cause chemical exposure either through accidentally swallowing the contaminated water or by skin exposure to the toxic chemical in the water.

    Air contaminants such as hazardous chemical vapors, other chemical contaminants or dust can cause a toxic and long-term chemical exposure.

    Food contaminants happen when food is exposed to direct contact with a contaminant; or food can
    become contaminated through the food chain. The original source of the contaminant can be eaten by fish that are caught by fishermen and then eaten by the consumer with the resulting toxic exposure to the person eating the fish. In the case of the developing fetus, the toxic chemical travels further in the food chain to the developing fetus causing a genetic disorder or genetic mutation.

    Why the developing fetus or young child is more vulnerable

    The developing organs of the developing fetus can be permanently damaged by toxic chemical exposure because the introduction of the toxic chemical will stop the normal development of the developing organs within the fetus.

    Children between birth and six years of age are in a stage of rapid development; and due to this rapid development they may take in a larger dosage of the toxic chemical due to “body chemistry, level of activity and small body size.”

    Chemicals introduced into the developing fetus or small child can “alter many processes essential for normal cell development.” These toxic chemical changes can “cause organs within the body to be altered, impairing proper development to a mature organ.”

    Adolescents are also vulnerable due to their “increased physical activity and curiosity about the world around them.”

    You can find more information about protecting your children from toxic chemical attack on
    the EPA website.

    Conclusion

    It is very important to find out as much as you can about the toxins that can invade your environment in order to protect yourself, your unborn children and your young children from the invasion of toxic chemicals. Long-term exposure is more damaging and therefore it is important to find out what you are eating, what you are drinking, and what household contaminants are living in your environment with you
    and your children.

    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

     
  • Earthling 5:00 am on December 25, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: elements of passive solar architecture, how to go solar with your home, living in harmony with mother nature via solar, solar architect, solar architecture, solar architecture factors, solar energy, solar home   

    Solar Energy is an Excellent Alternative 

    By Carroll Colette J. Yorgey

    Solar energy is an excellent alternative energy for heating and cooling homes, buildings, and urban areas and should always be included in the architecture and urban planning of new urban areas. There are important reasons to include solar heating and cooling into urban planning and architecture. The most important reason is that if it is not included and solar energy is decided after the buildings are already built, the building will never be conducive to good solar energy because there are building and design specifications that need to be met to provide for cost-effective and heating/cooling-effective energy.

    There are two kinds of solar energy, active and passive.

    Active solar energy

    Active solar energy is the kind of solar energy that most people think of when deciding to go solar with their existing homes. Active solar energy is mechanical and relies on mechanical equipment and a mechanical distribution system. Active solar can be very expensive, since the building was never built or designed to include solar energy. Solar collectors are expensive.

    Passive solar energy

    Your building becomes the solar collector if it is designed using all solar energy architectural principles. Passive solar energy stands on its own and will not be converted to electricity. Passive solar energy uses non-mechanical ways to collect and transport heat such as radiation, conduction and natural convection.

    When deciding to use solar energy to heat or cool your home, passive solar energy will provide the best source of natural heat and natural cooling at the least amount of cost.

    In order for a home or any building to effectively use and produce passive solar energy, the building must be planned according to certain solar energy architectural principles.

    Location of building

    A passive solar home or building should be built in the north end of a sunny area in order to utilize the south end for solar energy.

    Location of indoor spaces

    Each indoor space must be planned according to how much solar energy is needed to heat and cool that space.

    Climate of the area

    The location and shape of the building will depend on the climate of the area – are the winters cold or are nights cold? If a cold climate the area that receives the most sun during maximum solar radiation will have to be determined.

    Shape of the building

    The shape of the building must be designed for optimum interior sunlight. Usually a building that is elongated on the east/west axis will provide the most sunlight.

    Position of the sun

    Passive solar energy depends on direct sunlight. The more direct sunlight the less conventional energy is needed for heating and cooling.

    Trained solar architects will use different types of sun charts and solar radiation calculators to determine exact positions of the sun on given days and given seasons to help them determine the best shape, position, and location of new buildings and urban construction.

    Therefore in order to build and plan urban buildings and urban areas according to solar principles, there must be an original architectural design that is mapped out according to the location and climate of the area, and positions of the sun. These details must all be worked out in advance of designing the building or urban area. Once there is a plan according to solar architectural principles the building can be designed according to these principles.

    A trained solar architect will be needed for large urban areas or large building complexes such as schools and office buildings. A caring homeowner may be able to build according to passive solar principles if he studies and reads up on passive solar design.

    If you already have existing architecture and want to go solar it is important to utilize all spaces as much as possible for passive solar and then determine how much active solar you will need to make your home or building energy efficient. You may need to use a combination of alternative heating and cooling sources rather than relying entirely on solar heating and cooling. Adding on such as adding a greenhouse can be an effective way to use passive solar in an existing building or urban area, but it will never be as effective as planning the complete solar building right from the beginning.

    Reference: Mazria, Edward. 1979. The Passive Solar Energy Book. Emmaus: Rodale Press.

    Copyright © 2018 Carroll Colette J. Yorgey. Edited and used with her permission. Image from “Bête spatio-temporelle” on Wikimedia Commons is CC 4.0 licensed.

     
  • Earthling 9:40 am on December 23, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: australia bans encryption, chinese spying on autobmobile users, Directive on the Transition of Russian State-Owned Companies to Russian Software, ice violates us constitution, , mass-surveillance in india, ofcom bbc spat, prison corruption exposure in russia, , russia ban on foreign software, russia fines for facebook and twitter, russian central ban block websites, yarovaya package prices   

    December Internet Freedom Update 

    RUSSIA

    The Central Bank will be empowered to block websites

    The State Duma introduced a bill providing for the possibility of the Central Bank restricting access to internet resources that violate legislation on the financial market

    (Source: https://roskomsvoboda.org/43704/)

    Group Forced to Take Back Prison Corruption Exposure

    The human rights organization “Russia Sitting” (“Русь сидящую”) has been ordered by the governent to refute information published online about prison corruption. This is following a lawsuit by the Sverdlovsk penal colony.

    (Source: https://www.roskomsvoboda.org/43981/)

    The “Yarovaya package” is expected to increase prices on the internet

    Some Internet providers in Moscow are raising prices for their services. In particular, one of the oldest providers in the capital, RiNet, announced that from January 1, 2019, the cost of services will increase by 5%. The company explained this by the fact that in 2018, a number of initiatives requiring “multimillion-dollar costs” came into force: including the law on increasing VAT from 18% to 20%, the “Yarovaya package” (which requires mass storage of data),and amendments to the government resolution on cooperation with bodies engaged in operational investigative activities.

    (Source: https://roskomsvoboda.org/43847/)

    State-owned companies will be forbidden to import software

    First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Anton Siluanov approved the Directive on the Transition of Russian State-Owned Companies to Russian Software. As reported by Vedomosti with reference to a copy of the document, the enterprises were asked to develop a “clear plan” for such a transition by 2021. These are companies from the No. 91-p list approved by the government back in 2003. It includes Aeroflot, Gazprom, Sheremetyevo, Rosneft, Russian Railways, Channel One, RUSNANO, VTB, etc. Within ten days after receiving the directives, the companies should initiate meetings that include the issue of substituting imported software.

    (Source: https://roskomsvoboda.org/43847/)

    Russia sets fines for Facebook and Twitter

    Roskomnadzor has set a fine for Facebook and Twitter of 5,000 rubles. By January 17, 2019, both companies are required to provide “legally significant” answers about the requirement to localize user databases in Russia, otherwise they will be fined.

    Facebook and Twitter have not yet localized their user databases in Russia and have been notified of the need to comply with the law. Roskomnadzor is waiting for a response by January 17, the Head of the Department Alexander Zharov told reporters. According to him, on December 17 Roskomnadzor sent Facebook and Twitter notifications about the need to comply with the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of user data.

    (Source: https/roskomsvoboda.org/43902/)

    Russia and UK investigate each other’s media

    (Source: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-46648010)

    Much of above content is translated from RoskomSvoboda

     

    US

    ICE rises above the Constitution, seizes websites without due process

    https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20181213/18030341224/ice-seizes-over-1-million-websites-with-no-due-process-apparently-unaware-that-copyright-trademark-are-different.shtml

    INDIA

    India initiates hardcore mass-surveillance

    https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/all-computers-can-now-be-monitored-by-govt-agencies/article25792523.ece

    AUSTRALIA

    Australia outlaws encryption, will share the data with US and other former colonies

    Australia’s vague anti-encryption law sets a dangerous new precedent

    GLOBAL

    Automakers give the Chinese government access to location data of electric cars

    https://www.theverge.com/2018/11/30/18120148/car-companies-china-location-data-electric-cars-mercedes-tesla

     
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